Frequently Asked Questions

According to the last census, what is the total population of Argentina?

According to the 2010 census, the total population for the national territory is 40,117,096 inhabitants. The most populated areas are the Pampa and Metropolitan areas with 66.3% of the total country.

For detailed information, please visit the 2010 Census web page.

How many national censuses have been carried out and when were the carried out?

Year President Census Denomination Contents Duration Population
1869 Domingo F. Sarmiento First Census of the Argentine Republic Population 3 days 1,830,214
1895 José Evaristo Uriburu Second Census of the Argentine Republic Population, Agriculture, Industry 1 day 4,044,911
1914 Roque Sáenz Peña Third National Census 1 day 7,903,662
1947 Juan Domingo Perón Fourth General Census of the Nation Population, Agriculture, Industry 3 days 15,893,827
1960 Arturo Frondizi National Census of Population, Housing, and Agriculture Population,Housing, Agriculture 1 day 20,013,793
1970 Roberto Marcelo Levingston(de facto) National Census of Population, Families, and Housing Population, Families, Housing 1 day 23,364,431
1980 Jorge Rafael Videla(de facto) National Census of Population and Housing Population, Housing 1 day 27,949,480
1991 Carlos Saúl Menem National Census of Population and Housing Population, Households, Housing 1 day 32,615,528
2001 Fernando de la Rúa National Census of Population, Households, and Housing Population, Households, Housing 2 days 36,260,130
2010 Cristina Fernández de Kirchner National Census of Population, Households, and Housing Population, Households, Housing 1 day 40,117,096

What questions were asked in the last census?

The questions contained in the forms may be downloaded here:

Basic questionnaire for private dwellings

Extended questionnaire for private dwellings

Questionnaire for collective dwellings

The 2010 Census included questions about disability, indigenous peoples, and technological home equipment. It also added new subjects such as people of African descent and computer.

Which is the area of the country and its provinces?

Province Area (km2)
Total of the country (1) 3,761,274
City of Buenos Aires 200
Buenos Aires: 307,571
         24 Districts of Greater Buenos Aires (2) 3,680
         Outside Greater Buenos Aires (3) 303,891
Catamarca 102,602
Chaco 99,633
Chubut 224,686
Córdoba 165,321
Corrientes 88,199
Entre Ríos 78,781
Formosa 72,066
Jujuy 53,219
La Pampa 143,440
La Rioja 89,680
Mendoza 148,827
Misiones 29,801
Neuquén 94,078
Río Negro 203,013
Salta 155,488
San Juan 89,651
San Luis 76,748
Santa Cruz 243,943
Santa Fe 133,007
Santiago del Estero 136,351
Tierra del Fuego, Antártida e Islas del Atlántico Sur 1,022,445
Tucumán 22,524

(1) American continent 791,810 km² (including the Islas Malvinas: 11,410 km²); Antarctic continent 965,597 km² (including the Islas Orcadas del Sur: 750 km²); and the Islas Australes 3,867 km² (Georgias del Sur: 3,560 km² and Sandwich del Sur: 307 km²).

(2) Includes the following 24 districts of the Province of Buenos Aires: Almirante Brown, Avellaneda, Berazategui, Esteban Echeverría, Ezeiza, Florencio Varela, General San Martín, Hurlingham, Ituzaingó, José C. Paz, La Matanza, Lanús, Lomas de Zamora, Malvinas Argentinas, Merlo, Moreno, Morón, Quilmes, San Fernando, San Isidro, San Miguel, Tigre, Tres de Febrero and Vicente López.

(3) Includes the remaining 111 districts.

Note: neither the Argentine swath of ocean of 200 nautical miles that correspond to the South Atlantic Ocean nor the waters of the Río de la Plata are included in the total area of the country.

Source: National Institute of Statistics and Censuses (INDEC). National Geographic Institute (IGN, in its Spanish acronym).

What is Greater Buenos Aires?

The Greater Buenos Aires area comprises the City of Buenos Aires and the districts of Greater Buenos Aires (in the administrative sense, that is, 24 complete districts). For more information, please read the following document.

Where can I find more information?

At the Statistical Services Center: Julio A. Roca 609 in the City of Buenos Aires, from 9.30 to 16.00. There you can find a library at your disposal with INDEC historical documentation and a huge amount of sources of national and international statistical information.

How many zeroes have been removed from the national currency?

Evolution of the Argentine currency with reference to the peso

To 31-12-1969 peso moneda nacional m$n
To 31-05-1983 peso ley 18.888 $ley
To 14-06-1985 peso argentino $a 10.000.000
To 31-12-1991 Austral A 10.000
From 01-01-1992 Peso $ 1

Where can I find data related to the Reference Stabilization Coefficient (CER, in its Spanish acronym)?

This coefficient is elaborated by the Argentine Central Bank. Information may be requested at (+54 11) 4348-3500 or at the following website:, under the title "Publicaciones y estadísticas", subtitle "Monetarias y Financieras"